AKHP Public Lecture May 26th: Aral Sea: Past, Present and Future

Date: 26 May 2018
Other languages: Русский язык |
May 26th, 11:00 am
Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

University of Central Asia’s (UCA) Aga Khan Humanities Project (AKHP) has established a dialog platform to host a series of public lectures in Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan. The platform is organised in partnership with the Eurasian Law Academy named after D. A. Kunaev. The series seeks to facilitate professional development of faculty, and is open for scholars, researchers, teachers, public activists, academic and creative community, as well as for students, pursuing doctoral, masters and undergraduate degrees in universities of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The platform promotes cross-disciplinary dialog between intellectuals, academics and students, who pursue doctoral, masters and undergraduate degree in arts and sciences.
 
Roman Jashenko
Doctor of Biological Sciences
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Chair, Department of Sustainable Development at Al-Farabi Kazak National University
Chairman of the “Men and the Biosphere” Kazak National Committee, UNESCO

Abstract
The current lowering of the Aral Sea began more than 50 years ago, and scientists have been discussing this issue since 1961. At the time, the main reason for the water level decline was due to the rapid development of the extensive irrigated agriculture along the two main Central Asian rivers, Amudarya and Syrdarya, and both of them flow into Aral Sea. The water balance of the Aral Sea consisted of the income from river water, atmospheric precipitates and underground flowing with the deduction of evaporation loss. Evaporation always plays very important role in Aral Sea water-fullness in the arid area of water-less deserts.

Loss of the water balance of the Aral Sea stimulated a rapid decrease of the water level from the mark +53 m above sea level that was usual for the stable period. From 1961 to 1974, the level of lake was going down by 27 cm each year in average, from the 1975 to 1985 this annual lowering was 71 cm, and from 1986 to 92 it was 88 cm per year. In that time, the total water level drop was 16 m. As a result, the east Kokaral Island joined with the west coast in 1968, and in 1990, this new peninsula reached the east coast after the Berg’s strait dried up. Thus, the former whole water area was divided on two parts: a relatively small north part, named as the Small Aral Sea (or North Aral), and a rather large south part, the Big Aral Sea (South Aral). In that time (1990), the total water volume was 370 km3 and the total surface area was 40,394 km2. The North Aral Sea had 23.61 km3 water volume, and 3030 km2 total surface area. The new period of the Aral Sea history began after that isolation of the two parts.  

Biography 
Roman Jashenko is the UNESCO Chair in the Department of Sustainable Development at Al-Farabi Kazak National University, and the Chairman of Kazak National Committee of the “Men and the Biosphere” UNESCO Programme (MB UNESCO). He is also the Vice-President of MB UNESCO for Asia, a Member of the National Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan for UNESCO and the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, President of the “Tetis” Scientific Society, Editor-in-Chief of “Tethys Entomological Research” scientific magazine, and the Founder of a number of “Tetis” journals on zoology and environment protection. He is a member of several scientific societies, including the Society for Conservation Biology, Ukrainian Entomological Society (since 2003), American Entomological Society (since 1997) and the Tetis Scientific Society. 

Previously, Jashenko was a Visiting Professor for the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (2010-2011, Japan) and Kyoto University (2001, 1997, Japan), a Visiting Researcher for the Grassland, Soil and Water Research Lab (ARS-USDA, Temple, Texas, USA), Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1988-1989), as well as a Chief Research Fellow (2009-2015) and the General Director of the Institute of Zoology under the Ministry of Education and Science of the RK (2013). Jashenko graduated from S. M. Kirov Kazakh State University in 1984 and is a Doctor of Biological Sciences. He has published more than 140 research papers. His scientific interests include the systematics, faunistics, mode of life and zoogeography of scale insects (homoptera, coccoidea); ecology, zoology, entomology, population biology, biocontrol of harmful plants, zoological linguistics, natural dyes, biodiversity conservation, conservation of nature protected areas; Red Data Book and red listing.
 
Moderator
Gulmira Kaisarovna Bilyalova
Doctor in Philosophy
Professor of the Eurasian Law Academy

Language
The lecture will be delivered in Russian.

Venue
107 Kurmangazy Street (intersected by Baitursynov Street),
5th Floor, Lecture Hall #507 
Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

Registration 
Please confirm your participation with your name and affiliation by sending an e-mail to: vuzkunaeva@vuzkunaeva.kz. Registration will take place on the day of the lecture in the Lecture Hall #507 from 10:30-10:50 am. 

* Ideas presented in this lecture reflect the personal opinion of the speaker and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Central Asia and/or its employees.  
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