Remittances, Transfers and Education in Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic by Prof Kathryn H. Anderson
Venue: University of Central Asia, 138 Toktogul Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic. Conference Room.
Educational development is one of the keys to local economic development. This lecture describes the findings of a study examining the impact of transfers from international migrants and internal donors on education development in the two poorest countries in Central Asia, Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. Money from transfers can be used to promote capital investment in many different forms, and this study examined human capital investment, specifically investment in education. Panel data analysis of two surveys, the Kyrgyzstan Integrated Household Surveys and the Tajikistan Living Standards Surveys (2007 and 2009) found weak and mostly negative effects of transfers on education. Also, money from migrants is used less for human capital investment than for other expenditures which may be of less importance for the long run economic development of these two countries. The lecture will describe findings related to preschool and secondary school enrollment and the impact of migration and transfers on household financial allocations to education, and will also highlight regional and gender-based disparities.