Remittances and the Human Capital of Children: New Evidence from Kyrgyzstan during the Revolution and Financial Crisis, 2005–2009
Speaker: Katherine Anderson
Date: 8 October 2013. 4.00pm
Venue: 138 Toktogul Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, 3rd Floor Conference Room.
This lecture will describe the effect of the receipt of remittances on the education and health of children in Kyrgyzstan during a volatile period of their recent history, 2005–2009. The country experienced revolution in 2005 and the global financial crisis beginning in 2008. Both events have impacted human capital investment, and the changes vary by region of the country. The lecture is based on a study in which fixed effects estimation and fixed effects, instrumental variables estimation were used to isolate the effects of remittances and other events on human capital. The study found that boys aged 14-18 in remittance -receiving households are less likely to be enrolled in school than other children. It also found that girls in remittance-receiving households are more likely to be malnourished (thin). Both effects are relatively small. Remittances do not improve the human capital of children left behind. However, the study did find an overall positive improvement in school enrollment among young children between 2005 and 2009 but a negative trend in enrollment among older boys and girls. Nutrition improves over time. The lecture will also describe regional differences in these trends in nutrition and education.
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Kathryn H. Anderson is a Professor of Economics at Vanderbilt University and a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Central Asia, CASE (Center for Economic and Social Research, Warsaw), and IZA. She received her PhD in economics from North Carolina State University and did postdoctoral research in economic demography at Yale University. Her research areas of interest are labour supply, education and health, migration and aging in Central Asia and the United States.
The presentation will be in English. Russian translation will be provided upon prior request.