Implications of Winter Feed Shortage for Pasture and Livestock Management in Kyrgyzstan
Date: 12 May 2011, 4 PM
Venue: University of Central Asia,
138 Toktogul Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic Conference Room.
(The views presented in this lecture are those of the presenter and not necessarily those of the University of Central Asia or any of its staff)
After independence, the process of de-collectivization in the Kyrgyz Republic led to redistribution of livestock assets from collective farms. This was coupled by a cease of import of concentrates for winter intensive feeding from other republics. The situation was further aggravated by a shift in agriculture towards cash crop/staple production at the expense of fodder crops for hay making. To make up the resulting feed deficiency during winter, livestock are turned early to pastures in spring and the sheep and goat herds continue pasture grazing though out the winter. This uncoordinated and disorganized pasture occupation has weakened the livestock sector and has negatively affected pasture conditions. This lecture describes the findings of a study to analyze and compare the situation of three different villages with regard to livestock feeding strategies during winter as affected by marketing opportunities for livestock products and their implications for pasture management. The study demonstrates that adequate site specific and herd type specific management strategies and support system are needed to overcome winter feed shortage in order to sustain pastures and maintain livestock productivity.
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Dr. Inam-ur-Rahim is a Senior Research Fellow at UCA. He is a livestock specialist, associated with the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South since 2003. He has been conducting research in Central Asia NCCR (North-South) since 2007 focusing pastoral livelihood and working on pasture issues. At UCA, Dr. Rahim serves as project coordinator for joint UCA-National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South projects adapting the successful ‘Pastoral Information System’ in Kyrgyzstan to the Tajik context as ‘Rural Information System;’ and developing ‘herders’ manuals’, to encourage more sustainable use of pastures in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Inam is also leading the NCCR North-South 3rd phase research on Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa and Asia. He is the Chief Executive of the Foundation for Research and Socio-ecological Harmony (FRESH) in Islamabad. Dr. Rahim received his Doctor of Veterinary Medicines from the College of Veterinary Sciences, Lahore and his PhD in Natural Sciences from the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Besides 12 peer reviewed research articles on his credit, he has authored a book on the tribal societies in Northern Pakistan.
The presentation will be conducted in English. Russian translation will be provided upon prior request.