AKHP Public Lecture, Dushanbe: Performing Shashmaqam Art in Central Asia
Honored Artist of Tajikistan, Director of the Academy of Maqam of the Republic of Tajikistan, Ph.D. in History of Arts, Associate Professor of History and Theory of Music of M. Tursunzade Tajik State Institute of Culture and Arts.
The lecturer will describe methods that different maqam schools of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan employ to produce sounds with voice and musical instruments. He will discuss techniques of traditional singing, as well as styles of performing melodies with tanbur, which is the lead instrument in Shashmaqam performance.
The lecture will comprise two parts. The first part will examine centuries-old styles of traditional singing that Tajik and Uzbek musicians use in their Shashmaqam performances. The lecturer will highlight different techniques to produce sound with voice: dimogi (benegi) – nasal signing, gulugi – guttural singing, shikami – abdominal singing. The second part will investigate styles of tanbur performance. The lecturer will talk about three major tanbur schools (Bukhara, Khoresm and Fergana), while also discussing three tanbur performance styles, which were originally developed by Shashmak Fazliddin Shahobov (1911-1974), Turgun Alimatov (1922-2008) and Rasul Kori Mamadaliev (1928-1976). Each of those virtuoso performers had their own way of holding tanbur and employed unique techniques to produce sound. By examining Shashmaqam performing traditions the audience will better understand distinctive features of the traditional musical cultures of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
In 1981 A. Abdurashitov graduated from Mukhtar Ashrafi Tajik National Conservatory (Department of Oriental Music). In 1991 he defended his Ph.D. on Art Studies on “Tanbur and Its Function in Studying Tonal System of Shashmaqam”. Currently he works as Assistant Professor for M. Tursunzade Tajik State Institute of Culture and Arts. Since 2017 he has been doctoral researcher with P. I. Chaikovskii Moscow State Conservatory. Since 2003 he has been holding the position of the Director of the Academy of Maqam. In 2001 he received the award “Honored Artist of Tajikistan”. He participated in numerous scientific forums and musical festivals in CIS countries, Germany, France, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, England, Italy, Spain, USA, Greece, India, Iran, Pakistan, Syria, Morocco, China, etc.
Professor, Doctor of Philosophy
Acting Head and Faculty Development Programme Manager
Aga Khan Humanities Project
University of Central Asia
The lecture will be delivered in Russian.
Ismaili Centre, Dushanbe
47 Ismail Somoni Street
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Ideas presented in this lecture reflect the personal opinion of the speaker and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of Central Asia and/or its employees.