Entrepreneurship plays an important role in solving problems of sustainable development at all stages of developing socio-economic relations. This is especially important for countries with a market model of the economy. The role of small and medium-sized enterprises is to contribute to the development of productive competitive relations in various economic sectors, provide consumer markets with diverse products, solve social problems, and promote the mainstreaming of innovative technologies in various spheres of economic activity. Recent statistics show that the number of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in Tajikistan is growing. Nevertheless, in Tajikistan, as in many economies in transition, many administrative processes are inherited from planned systems, and are not adapted for market-oriented economies.
While supporting small business has been declared a priority in relation to economic reforms in Tajikistan, favorable conditions for the establishment of small enterprises and their sustainable functioning, have not yet been created. This lecture will discuss how small enterprises are faced with a number of tough problems, making it difficult to establish and develop small businesses as a full-fledged area of the national economy.
From 2003 to 2010, Olga Saifullayeva worked as the Head of the Department of Economic Theory at M. Nazarshoyev Khorog State University (KSU). In 2005, she defended her Ph.D. thesis on “The Formation and Development of Leasing Relations in Tajikistan in the Transition Period.” Since 2012, Ms. Saifullayeva has been working as Vice-Rector for International Relations at KSU. Since 2015, she has been an expert consultant in the higher education system of Tajikistan. She has also published one monograph and over twenty articles.
Dr. Munira Tavakalova
Candidate of Philosophical Sciences
Senior Lecturer at the Department of Philosophy and Political Studies