Climate Change in Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan: Trends and Adaptation Policies Conducive to Innovation
Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan are among the world’s most vulnerable countries to climate change with weak adaptive capacities. This analysis summarises adaptation technologies for agricultural, water, transport and health sectors, as well as disaster risks management technologies, that contribute to the climate resilience of the population and sectors of the economy. The technological solutions proposed are assumed to cope with and limit the negative impacts of climate change on the people and sectors of the economy against the expected impacts and hazards but also contribute to productivity and economic growth, and the overall welfare of the populations.
Most of the technological solutions proposed in this analysis are also applicable in other neighbouring Central Asian countries. This policy-oriented research urges the governments of these three countries to take respective actions to ensure environmental sustainability and sustainable economic growth, as well as to improve the welfare of these countries’ populations and to avoid the negative consequences of climate change.